VISAS CATEGORIES UPDATED: NEW R AND Q TYPES INTRODUCED

2015.05.15

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The Chinese government promulgated a new exit-and-entry regulation on Monday that is intended to standardize the issuance of visas for foreigners, as well as related services and management.

The 39-article regulation replaces the previous regulation promulgated in December1986. Based on one's purpose of entry, the regulation categorizes ordinary visas into 12types, with the new R-visa to be issued to high-level foreign professionals.

Another new visa type, the Q-visa, has also been introduced for foreigners who come to China to visit relatives. The regulation will help safeguard national security and strengthen relevant review measures while facilitating normal personnel exchanges, according to a spokesman for the Legislative Affairs Office of the State Council, or China'scabinet.

According to the regulation, financial, educational, medical and telecommunications institutions, when necessary, can verify foreigners'identities with the exit-entry management agencies of local public security organs.

A foreigner who stays or resides beyond the period permitted by his or her visa or residence certificate will be deemed to be residing illegally, it says.

Illegal presence also applies to foreigners admitted into the country without a visa who remain in China beyond the visa-free period and fail to apply for a stay orresidence certificate.

Any foreigner who moves beyond any area to which his or her stay is restricted will also be considered to be illegally residing, the regulation says.

It stipulates that overseas students who need to take part-time jobs or internships may, with approval from their schools apply to the exit-entry management agencies of local public security organs and include such information in their residence certificates.

It also states that foreigners who have left their jobs or changed work locations, as well as overseas students who have left the institutions that enrolled them, must promptly report to the exit-entry management agencies of local public security organs at or above the county level.

Based on one’s purpose of entry, the Regulations have provided for the following 12 types of visas:

C Visa

  • Applicable to train attendants, air crew members and seamen operating international services, and to their accompanying family members

D Visa

  • Applicable to foreigners who are to reside permanently in China

F Visa

  • Applicable to foreigners who come to China for exchanges, visits and inspections

G Visa

  • Applicable to foreigners who transit through China

J Visa

  • J-1 Visa: Applicable to resident foreign journalists in China (long term stay – more than 180 days)

  • J-2 Visa: Applicable to foreign journalists who make short trips to China for reporting tasks (short term stay – less than or equal to 180 days)

L Visa

  • Applicable to overseas tourists (those traveling with tour groups can be issued a group L Visa)

M Visa

  • Applicable to foreigners who come to China for business or commercial activities

Q Visa

  • Q-1 Visa: Applicable to foreigners who apply for entry into China for family reunification with Chinese relatives or foreigners with permanent residency in China, as well as to those who need to visit China for adoption issues (long term stay – more than 180 days)

  • Q-2 Visa: Applicable to foreigners who come to China for a temporary visit to Chinese citizens or foreigners with permanent residency in China (short term stay – less than or equal to 180 days)

R Visa

  • Applicable to senior-level foreign talents and foreign nationals whose special skills are urgently needed in China

S Visa

  • S-1 Visa: Applicable to spouses, parents, parents-in-law and children under 18 years old of foreigners who stay in China for study or working purposes, and to foreigners who need to reside in China for other personal reasons (long term stay – more than 180 days)

  • S-2 Visa: Applicable to family members of foreigners who stay in China for study or working purposes, and to foreigners who need to reside in China for other personal reasons (short term stay – less than or equal to 180 days)

X Visa

  • X-1 visa is applicable to foreigners who come to China for a long-term study period (more than 180 days)

  • X-2 visa is applicable to foreigners who come to China for a short-term study period (less than or equal to 180 days)

Z Visa

  • Applicable to foreigners who apply to work in China

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Original article here