CHANGSHA PUBLIC TRANSPORT PROJECTS EXPLAINED
- - - -
Maglev, BRT,the metro, tramcars, as well as 21 transportation hubs.... The future of Changsha's transport!
Original article by 长沙晚报
Translated/edited by Ben W (WNIC News Correspondent)
Line 2 of the Changsha Metro officially opened in 2014, marking the start of a new age for transportation in Changsha.
The metro may be fast and punctual, however the east/west line 2 is really only a convenient mode of transportation for passengers traveling from WangChengPo in the direction of the south train station. Passengers wanting to travel north/south are currently unable to enjoy the benefits of the new metro system.
Don't worry! Line 1's construction is rapidly advancing and is predicted to be finished and opened in 2016, crossing over at Wu Yi square with line 2 enabling passengers to switch trains. Once line 1 has been finished, Changsha metro's basic cross framework will be competed, allowing passengers to travel in all four different directions; north, south, east and west.
As of right now, the initial stage; the tunneling construction phase, has already been completed for line 1 and the railway laying is planned to be completed by the end of November. Line 2's western-bound extension was completed and started testing on September 29th; the initial construction stage of lines 3 and 4 has also started, line 3 is set to be open for business by the end of 2018, and line 4 is planned to be up and running by the end of 2019. Construction of line 5 will also begin in the near future.
Line 2's western-bound extension and Line 3
The Maglev Train
Changsha's maglev express line has a completely new mid-low speed maglev system, possessing its own intellectual property rights. The construction project started on May 16th 2014 and is planned to be ready to operation in early 2016. Once this express line is opened, passengers arriving at the south train station will be able to take this express line and arrive at Changsha's Huang Hua international airport in just 10 minutes.
The line is situated in Changsha's Yuhua district and within Changsha county, with the main station situated at the northern end of the south train stations' east square, the line is being laid along Laodong road, Huangxing avenue, and the airport with an overall distance of around 18.55 Kilometers, the entire distance of the track will be suspended on high-supports above ground level.The journey will only have three stations and two stops; Changsha south railway station, Li station and HuangHua international airport.
Changsha's maglev express train has been named "wind chaser" (Chinese name:"Zhui Feng Hao"), and will use a mid-low speed maglev train, common conductor magnet suspension and linear induction motor traction to comprise the maglev rail system. The train is designed to reach a maximum speed of 100km/hand will be able to hold a maximum of 363 people in one train, and there will even be a special carriage for the transportation of luggage.
Bus Rapid Transit, or BRT, is a type of public transportation system which is in between a high speed railway and a regular bus system. This type of transportation has been described by people as an "above ground subway".
Right now, Changsha's main suspended BRT line over on Wanjiali Road has already been officially opened for operation. After opening, Wanjiali's traffic capacity increased by over three times; the line which spans 80km from north to south only takes 20 minutes.
Also, the passenger's travel experience is much better than on a regular bus: the BRT buses are longer than normal buses; with 12 meter and 18 meter long bus models, and the capacity of the BRT is almost twice that of a regular bus.
BRT line 1: Starting in the north at Changsha railway station, going through Wuyi road, Shaoshan road, Changsha south railway station..... with the terminal station being at ZhongXin Cheng.
BRT line 2: Setting off from Binjiang Xincheng, passing Yuelu avenue, Yinpenling bridge, Furong road, Laodong road.... The terminal station is Chigang Chong.
BRT line 4; Setting off from Changsha railway station, passing through Renmin road, Xingsha avenue....The terminal is Xingmapian Qu (north Xingsha).
BRT line 4: Starting at Changsha railway station, passing through the Changsha east second ring road (dong er huan), Zhongqing road.... The terminal is Jinxia Zutuan.
BRT line 5: Starting in the west in Leifeng town, passing through Fenglin road, the west bus station, Jingxing road... The terminal is Tongzipo road
BRT line 6: Setting off from Hanpu, passing through Xiangfu road bridge, Xiangfu road, Huahou road, Changsha south railway station,Guangda.... The terminal is Huangxing town.
Trams are pretty common in cities abroad, and in Dalian, Shanghai and Guangzhou, thisservice is already in operation. The trams produced by China railway signal and communication corp. can reach speeds of 80km/h, and is able to transport as many as 15000 passengers per hour. According to sources, China railway signal and communication corp. have been contracted for the building of Changsha's first tram line (the Xiangjiang Fengguang zone tram line transportation project), this line will use locally manufactured trams from China railway signal and communication corp.'s Changsha base.
The cost of building a tram line is only one fifth of the cost of borrowing building a subway line, and only takes a third of the amount of time to complete, the capacity of one tram is still half that of a subway train and a tram's energy consumption is only one tenth to one fifteenth of a regular car's consumption.
According to China railway signal and communication tram line construction ltd.'s plans, the first tram line will be areas out along the Xiangjiang's two coasts.Connecting Binjiang cultural park, Wuyi square, Xihu park, Yuelu mountain,Yanghushi park, and Dawang mountain scenic area amongst other places.
China railway signal and communication corp.'s trams can reach speeds of 80km/h, and can transport up to 15000 people per hour. China railway signal and communication tram line construction ltd.'s chairman of the board Su Ming said that the trams produced by China railway signal and communication corp. have areally low floor which is only 350mm above the ground, this is more convenient for the disabled, elderly and young to board and disembark the tram, and there will be a ramp installed in every doorway of the tram allowing wheelchair and pram users easy access.
TheChangsha, Zhuzhou, Xiangtan inter-city railway
This inter-city railway system will link up Changsha, Zhuzhou, Xiangtan with a highspeed railway; construction officially began on June 30th 2010, and once completed will stretch across 96km with a total of 21 stations, and the train will be able to reach a top speed of 160km/h. Construction is planned to finish some time in 2016, and will shrink the commuting time between the three cities to within thirty minutes.
During the "thirteenth five year development plan" period (2016-2020), Changsha is going to increase the construction of national highway transportation hubs, focusing on building rail lines, roads, and inner city public transport together as one enabling easy transfers between different transportation modes, creating effective multi-transportation hubs such as the south bus station transport hub, Jinqiao transport hub, Huanghua airport transport hub, and Gaoling transport hub amongst others. This will bring more evenly distributed transportation to Changsha and its outskirts, making a more safe, quick and convenient transportation system for passengers. There are 21 hubs planned with a government investment of 623 million Renminbi.
The south bus station multi-transportation hub
Built in accordance to the national first class passenger station plan, they are building and will operate a "five in one" hub which will accommodate road transport, rail transport, intercity rail, city buses and taxis all together. The hub will be situated at the southeast corner of the Shaoshan road and Shidai Yangguang road intersection near Dongjingpu in Yuhua district and will be ready for operation in 2019.
Being built as a way to 'upgrade' the south bus station, this hub give passengers the choice of many different modes of "zero transfers" transport: coach,bus, taxi, inter city rail, subway, and more.
In the central area of the new Xiangjiang district (Changsha's He Xi area), this hub will contain a station for the Chongqing-Changsha-Xiamen high speed railline, the Changsha-Yueyang inter city rail line, the Changsha-Yiyang-Changde inter city rail line, the Changsha-Zhuzhou-Hengyang inter city rail line, the Changsha-Zhuzhou-Xiangtan inter city rail line, subway lines 2 and 10, a coach station, a bus station and more. With a high speed rail station, two subway lines, and two bus stations comprising Jinqiao transport hub, passengers will be able to travel around 60% of the total area of Hunan, and trips will only take around one hour maximum; opening up transport links for 48 million people, allowing Changsha to make another great step towards its dream as an international metropolis.